Plains Indian Ledger Art: Coe-Cheyenne Ledger - Courting red robe with blanket strip in front of tipi | Couple walking
LEDGER

Coe-Cheyenne Ledger

PLATE
No. 4 of 44
Courting red robe with blanket strip in front of tipi | Couple walking
ARTIST
Southern Cheyenne, Darlington Agency, Indian Territory, circa 1885 -86
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Document Info

Page No. 4-5
Media: Pencil and colored pencil
Dimensions: Small commercial notebook: 8.25 x 4.825 inches - cover, 5.625 x 4.75 inches - pages inches

Tribe

Cheyenne - Southern

Custodian

Ralph T. Coe Foundation, Santa Fe, New Mexico

Provenance

Ralph T. Coe Foundation, Coe-Cheyenne Ledger (NA 1154); Brant Mackley Gallery, Hummelstown, PA; Southern Cheyenne, Darlington Agency, Indian Territory ...More

Keywords

arrows, courting, dress, soldiers, horse, tipi, women, Southern Cheyenne, eagle

Ethnographic Notes


Here we are, on our first date. The artist has brought a stylish "extra wide" courting
blanket composed of a dark blue and a red blanket sewn together, with a wide, beaded
strip in classic Cheyenne motifs. He and the young lady are "parked" in front of her tipi,
seated on the ground perhaps twenty feet from her front door. We see that the artist is at
the right, with the two ends of his breech cloth lying on the ground. The blanket is a
strategic accessory to provide a modicum of privacy from her mother, who may be
expected to glance out, and even issue directives ("NO touching!") every other minute.

The manner in which the girl's tipi is decorated reveals that her family are socially
prominent. The short, horizontal lines down the front of the lodge (shown here to the left
side) represent the wooden sticks with which the two edges of the cover were pinned
together. The short, horizontal lines down the back of the tipi (seen to the right), however,
represent rows of embroidered decoration, either in porcupine quillwork, dyed corn husk,
or headwork.

A leading Cheyenne institution was the Women's Sewing Society, whose members
created masterworks of embroidery. This particular tipi motif, called the "stripe design"
(Coleman, 1980: ) could be produced only by a member of the society; and membership
was restricted only to senior women with a spotless reputation. An errant daughter who
became the target of gossip might force her mother to resign her society membership out of
shame---hence the tight rein, and the family's close oversight. Figure 20 shows an 1898 photograph of a Cheyenne "Striped Tipi" of this type.

Comments

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