Ross Frank


U.C. San Diego
Department of Ethnic Studies, UCSD 9500 Gilman, Dept 0522
La Jolla, CA 94093-0522

Phone 858-534-6646


I teach courses in Ethnic Studies at UCSD, and specialize Native American epistemologies, history, and culture in the Americas. One of my research projects includes the creation and stewardship of the Plains Indian Ledger Art Publishing Project (PILA) as a means for encouraging preservation, access, and research.

Comments by Ross Frank

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We know that Black Horse was wounded in while inside of a cabin. The Cheyenne historian John Stands in Timber wrote of this event: "Black Horse and two others rode to a cabin and the settlers ran away. Black Horse went down some steps into a storeroom [or root cellar] and someone hiding under a pile of boards there shot him in the leg."

On page 75, Panther and Swift Fox rescue of the wounded Black Horse from the cabin. This event took place in 1878 or 1879.

Black Horse tried to heal his leg without non-Indian medical treatment for 2 months until the Army surgeon at Fort Keogh, MT attended to his wound. After surgery, the doctor sent fragments of bone that he had removed to the Army Medical Museum in Washington, D.C. These pieces of Black Horse's bone were repatriated to the Northern Cheyenne in 2000 through the efforts of Senator Ben Nighthorse Campbell (R-CO), a descendant (Night/Black Horse).

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One of the most interesting views of Fort Marion in St. Augustine done while imprisoned.

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Working on an article that places this ledger album in the context of the Crow Dog trial of 1882-83.

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That is a wonderful comment and idea. A photo of such a tipi cover would be quite useful.

Public Galleries

Drawing with Navajo Vincent Price Ledger - reconstruction project Harwood Presentation